Travel clinic El Salvador
Travel health and vaccine advice for El Salvador
 
El Salvador
 
El Salvador is both the smallest and the most densely populated nation in Central America. The country is located in an active seismic zone and numerous volcanoes are found throughout the nation, some of them enclosing scenic lakes in their verdant crater. Several great ancient civilizations used to inhabit the area, and some Maya ruins can be explored. Due to its size and growing urbanization, El Salvador doesn’t feature as many wild regions and archaeological sites as its Central American neighbors. Most of the tourism here is beach, surf and nightlife aimed. But the hospitality of Salvadoran people is genuine and any visitor will always be warmly welcomed! 

INFORMATIONS ABOUT HEALTH

Risk of Zika in this Country. Learn More >>

We make every effort to ensure that the information posted on our website is up to date and accurate according to the latest public health recommendations; however, it is impossible for us to make changes on a daily basis.

For the most current travel health recommendations, please call our clinic as make an appointment with one of our travel health professionals.

EL SALVADOR – RECOMMENDED VACCINES

The Yellow Fever Vaccine A proof of vaccination against yellow fever may be required upon entry in to this country. Some travellers may not be eligible to receive this vaccine. Please enquire with your health care professional regarding your specific details. It is important to note that the vaccine should be administered at least 10 days prior to your departure. For further information, please consult with the World Health Organization (WHO) website: https://www.who.int/ith/ith-country-list.pdf
Hepatitis A Recommended for all travelers.
Tetanus – Diphteria – Pertussis Vaccine Tetanus: In exceptional circumstances (eg, stay in a region where access to health care is limited), for a person aged 18 years or older, 1 dose of DT may be given if 5 years or more has elapsed since the last dose. Otherwise, one booster dose at the age of 50*. Pertussis (Whooping Cough):  1 dose is recommended for pregnant women, for every pregnancy, regardless of immunization history and the interval since the last dose (betwen week 26 and 32). *Only applicable for Quebec.
Measles – Rubella – Mumps Two doses recommended for all travelers born after 1970, if not previously given.
Flu – Influenza Seasonal influenza occurs worldwide. The flu season usually runs from November to April in the northern hemisphere, between April and October in the southern hemisphere and year round in the tropics. Influenza (flu) is caused by a virus spread from person to person through coughing and sneezing or by touching infected surfaces. Everyone 6 months and older should get a flu vaccine yearly. Vaccine is recommended 14 days prior to departure.
Routine vaccines (dCaT, Polio, Meningococcal, Shingles, Pneumococcal, Hepatitis B, HPV, MMR & Varicella) Recommended for all travelers
Causes, Symptoms & Treatment – Typhoid fever Recommended for most travelers, especially those who are staying with friends or relatives; visiting smaller cities, villages, or rural areas where exposure might occur through food or water; or prone to “adventurous eating”
Hepatitis B Consider for most travelers; recommended for those who might be exposed to blood or other body fluids, have sexual contact with the local population, or be exposed through medical treatment (e.g., for an accident).
Transmission, Symptoms and Prevention – Rabies For travelers at high risk of animal bites or being involved in activities with bats, dogs and other mammals. Clients who plan to visit remote areas may consider receiving this vaccine. Important to note the pre-exposure rabies vaccine is administered in 2 doses with one week interval between doses. Post-exposure vaccination is always recommended, even for those previously vaccinated.
Chagas Disease Presence. All travelers should protect themselves against triatomine bugs.
Turista – Traveler’s Diarrhea (ETEC) Talk to your health care professional about the risks and precautionary measures to take, as well as the Dukoral® vaccine. Important to note that the Dukoral vaccine is an oral vaccine given in 2 doses, recommended at least 2 weeks prior to departure.
Malaria Malaria is present in this country. The risk may be region specific. Prophylaxis measures to be discussed with the health care professional.
Dengue Fever, Chikungunya and/or Zika There are many illnesses that are transmitted via mosquito bites and unfortunately we do not have vaccines to protect us against most of them. It is important to inquire with your healthcare professional regarding the specific risks and the different illnesses presently in circulation.

RECOMMENDED MEDICATIONS

Antibiotics Traveler’s Diarrhea Ciprofloxacin, Azithromycin or Suprax.
Acetazolamide/Dexaméthasone Recommended to prevent Acute mountain sickness (AMS).

MEDICAL CARES

El Salvador’s health care system is not of good quality. Despite well trained medical staff, the country lacks an adequate infrastructure. Private medical establishments usually have better medical equipment than public hospitals. You can expect medical care of good quality in the Hospital Centro de Emergencias, located in San Salvador. It has emergency services accessible 24 hours a day and 7 days a week and offers a wide range of medical specialties. In case of emergency, you can call an ambulance at 503 2264 7911. But the waiting time can be very long if the traffic is heavy. It is sometimes faster to bring the victim to the nearest hospital with a private car. Medicines are not easily accessible in El Salvador. Pharmacies can be found in the main cities, but they are not well stocked. It is thus strongly advised that you always carry a complete first aid kit when traveling in El Salvador.

SECURITY ABROAD

Violent crime is a serious problem throughout the country. It includes:

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CANADIAN AMBASSY

Emergency services

Dial 911 for emergency assistance.

Tourist police

The tourist police (POLITUR), a special division of the National Civilian Police, provide a security presence in tourist areas and urgent first response assistance to tourists.

Contact POLITUR