Cameroon Vaccines & Travel Advice
Cameroon, “Africa in miniature”, displays astonishing arrays of landscapes and ecosystems. Isolated white sand beaches, arid deserts, sublime mountains, vast savannas and lush rain forests are among the numerous stunning natural features the Central African country has to offer. A chain of active volcanoes is crossing the nation, including Mount Cameroon, one of Africa’s highest peak. A haven for hikers… Cameroon also has a highly diverse culture. The country is a vast ethnic mosaic, combining the languages and traditions of more than two hundred distinctive groups of people. And unlike in many other African countries, everybody in Cameroon is leaving together in peace and harmony.
We make every effort to ensure that the information posted on our website is up to date and accurate according to the latest public health recommendations; however, it is impossible for us to make changes on a daily basis.
For the most current travel health recommendations, please call our clinic as make an appointment with one of our travel health professionals.
CAMEROON – RECOMMENDED VACCINES
|Hepatitis A||Recommended for all travelers.|
|Hepatitis B||Recommended for all travelers.|
|Causes, Symptoms & Treatment – Typhoid fever||Recommended for all travelers.|
|Tetanus – Diphteria – Pertussis Vaccine||Tetanus: In exceptional circumstances (eg, stay in a region where access to health care is limited), for a person aged 18 years or older, 1 dose of DT may be given if 5 years or more has elapsed since the last dose.
Otherwise, one booster dose at the age of 50*.
Pertussis (Whooping Cough): 1 dose is recommended for pregnant women, for every pregnancy, regardless of immunization history and the interval since the last dose (betwen week 26 and 32).
*Only applicable for Quebec.
|Polio||One-time booster recommended for any adult traveler who completed the childhood series but never had polio vaccine as an adult (after 18 years old only).|
|Measles – Rubella – Mumps||Two doses recommended for all travelers born after 1970, if not previously given.|
|The Yellow Fever Vaccine||A proof of vaccination against yellow fever may be required upon entry in to this country.
Some travellers may not be eligible to receive this vaccine. Please enquire with your health care professional regarding your specific details.
It is important to note that the vaccine should be administered at least 10 days prior to your departure.
For further information, please consult with the World Health Organization (WHO) website:
|Meningitis||Recommended for all travellers during the season(s). Consider immunization for specific groups or itineraries outside the dry season|
|Flu – Influenza||Seasonal influenza occurs worldwide. The flu season usually runs from November to April in the northern hemisphere, between April and October in the southern hemisphere and year round in the tropics. Influenza (flu) is caused by a virus spread from person to person through coughing and sneezing or by touching infected surfaces. Everyone 6 months and older should get a flu vaccine yearly. Vaccine is recommended 14 days prior to departure.|
|Routine vaccines (dCaT, Polio, Meningococcal, Shingles, Pneumococcal, Hepatitis B, HPV, MMR & Varicella)||Recommended for all travelers|
|African Tick Bite Fever||Presence. All travellers should protect themselves against tick bites.|
|Transmission, Symptoms and Prevention – Rabies||For travelers at high risk of animal bites or being involved in activities with bats, dogs and other mammals. Clients who plan to visit remote areas may consider receiving this vaccine. Important to note the pre-exposure rabies vaccine is administered in 2 doses with one week interval between doses. Post-exposure vaccination is always recommended, even for those previously vaccinated.|
|Schistosomiasis||Avoid swimming in fresh water.|
|Turista – Traveler’s Diarrhea (ETEC)||Talk to your health care professional about the risks and precautionary measures to take, as well as the Dukoral® vaccine. Important to note that the Dukoral vaccine is an oral vaccine given in 2 doses, recommended at least 2 weeks prior to departure.|
|Malaria||Malaria is present in this country. The risk may be region specific. Prophylaxis measures to be discussed with the health care professional.|
|Cholera||Recommended for humanitarian workers, health care providers and/or adults who are traveling to areas of active cholera transmission.|
|Dengue Fever, Chikungunya and/or Zika||There are many illnesses that are transmitted via mosquito bites and unfortunately we do not have vaccines to protect us against most of them. It is important to inquire with your healthcare professional regarding the specific risks and the different illnesses presently in circulation.|
|Antimalarials Recommended||Malarone, Doxycycline or Mefloquine|
|Acetazolamide/Dexaméthasone||Recommended to prevent Acute mountain sickness (AMS).|
|Antibiotics Traveler’s Diarrhea||Azithromycin or Suprax|
Access to medical care, even the most basic, is severely limited in Cameroon. The health care system in the country is characterized by the shortage of basic medicines, corrupt medical staff, the lack of qualified personnel and inadequate equipment. As a result, the medical care provided by Cameroon’s hospitals is of very poor quality. In rural areas, health care facilities are very rare, sometimes non existent, and often managed by improperly trained doctors. Even in the major cities, there are only a few private hospitals and clinics. Be aware that you will always have to pay medical fees, medicines and treatments in cash.
Emergency services are inefficient in Cameroon.
As access to medicines can be very hard, be sure to bring your own medical supplies in sufficient quantities.
The growing presence of extremist groups has increased the risk of terrorist acts, kidnappings and banditry.
In case of emergency, dial:
- police: 117
- medical assistance: 119
- firefighters: 118